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Brezplačna Dostava Evropa (EU)

Types of Sapphires and How to Identify Them

Types of Sapphires and How to Identify Them

Sapphires, known for their mesmerizing hues and durability, are among the most coveted gemstones in the world. From vibrant blues to captivating pinks and everything in between, sapphires come in a variety of colors, each with its own unique characteristics.

Understanding the different types of sapphires and how to distinguish them is essential for both enthusiasts and buyers alike. Keep reading as we delve into the fascinating world of sapphires and uncover how to identify these exquisite gemstones at Moira Antique.

Natural vs. Treated Sapphires

Before delving into the types of sapphires, it's crucial to distinguish between natural and treated varieties. Natural sapphires are those that have formed naturally within the Earth, exhibiting genuine colors and characteristics shaped by geological processes over millions of years. Treated sapphires, on the other hand, undergo enhancement processes to improve color and clarity. This can include heat treatment, which is common and accepted within the gemstone industry, or other treatments like diffusion or irradiation.

Types of Sapphires Based on Color

Blue Sapphire

Perhaps the most famous and prized variety, blue sapphires range from deep royal blue to lighter shades. The intensity and shade of blue can vary based on trace elements like iron and titanium present during the gem's formation

Pink Sapphire

Pink sapphires exhibit hues ranging from delicate pastel pinks to vivid magentas. These gems derive their color from trace amounts of chromium, and higher saturation levels are typically more valuable.

Yellow Sapphire

With hues ranging from pale lemon to vibrant canary yellow, these sapphires are colored by trace elements of iron. They are valued for their brightness and clarity.

Padparadscha Sapphire

This rare and highly sought-after variety displays a unique blend of pink and orange hues reminiscent of a sunset. The name "padparadscha" derives from the Sinhalese word for lotus blossom, reflecting its delicate coloration.

White Sapphire

Known for its white or colorless tone, often used in combination with other sapphire colors to create unique designs.

Green Sapphire

Less common, with shades ranging from light green to dark green.

Purple Sapphire

Often underrated but equally stunning, purple sapphires range from soft lavender to deep violet. Their coloration is attributed to trace elements like vanadium or chromium.

Black Sapphire

Also known as starry black sapphire, characterized by its deep black color and sometimes exhibiting a star effect on the surface.

Identifying Sapphires

Identifying sapphires involves examining several key factors:

  • Color: A natural sapphire's color should be consistent throughout the gemstone, without uneven patches or zoning.
  • Clarity: Look for clarity characteristics (inclusions) within the gemstone. Some inclusions are acceptable and can indicate a natural origin.
  • Cut: Precision in cutting enhances the sapphire's brilliance and color saturation.
  • Certification: Always opt for sapphires accompanied by a reputable gemological certificate verifying authenticity and any treatments performed.


Whether you're drawn to the timeless allure of blue sapphires or the rare beauty of padparadscha, each variant boasts unique characteristics that highlight its intrinsic value and allure.

Visit Moira Antique to explore our handpicked collection of sapphire jewelry, featuring everything from stunning rings and earrings to exquisite necklaces. Our pieces not only showcase the enduring charm of sapphires but also embody exceptional craftsmanship and authenticity.

Discover how these exquisite gemstones can enrich your jewelry collection and become treasured pieces that transcend generations.


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